CAMP FIRE GIRLS.
The origin of the Camp Fire Girls belongs to a larger, complex history of scouting in America. Two early promoters of the scouting movement were Earnest Thompson Seton and Daniel Beard. Seton established an organization for boys called the Woodcraft Indians in 1902 and Daniel Beard began an organization for boys called the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905. The themes of the two organizations varied, but both influenced the establishment of the Boy Scouts of America in 1910. The sister organization to the Boy Scouts became the Camp Fire Girls, initially evolving from a lone New England camp run by Luther and Charlotte Gulick.
Dr. Luther Gulick was a well-known and respected youth reformer. His wife, Charlotte Gulick, was interested in child psychology and authored books and articles on hygiene. After consulting with Seton, Mrs. Gulick decided on using his Indian narrative as a camp theme. The name of the camp and motto was “Wo-He-Lo,” an Indian-sounding word that was short for “Work, Health, and Love.” Following the Woodcraft model, Mrs. Gulick focused on nature study and recreation. That first year they had seventeen young girls in camp singing songs and learning crafts. A year later William Chauncy Langdon, poet, social worker, and friend of the Gulicks, established another girls’ camp in Thetford, Vermont, that followed the Woodcraft model. He was the first to coin the name “Camp Fire Girls.” from here
another interesting article here
All this to say, I remember Camp fire girls. Just down the street was the leader’s house and my mom was a leader for a time. We sold mints. Lots of mints. I remember our house being the district drop off/pick up and we had cases upon cases of those things in our basement. That also meant I had to be the best at selling.
I remember the patches, the beads, the gown. Picking a name was important. Mine was Kish. I also had to design my gown with said name and picture.
I wish I would have kept my gown and beads. Such an era the late 70’s. lol
I think it was cultural appropriation but who were we to know back then.
We take everything ‘Indian’ away from the the natives, strip them of language, culture and traditions to shove them into christian schools to make them white folk, not savages. It crushes me.
Then to want to take the ‘best things’ about the natives and act them out for rewards?!?!
Kish: I think it meant sunrise, my picture was
Etymology of the name Kish from here
[looks like another tattoo] Ha
The name Kish comes from the verb קוש (qosh) meaning lay bait, or lure. This verb occurs only once in the Bible (Isaiah 29:21), but according to BDB Theological Dictionary, it’s the root of the common verb יקש (yaqosh), meaning to set a snare or lay a trap
What were Cahuilla homes like in the past?
Most Cahuilla people lived in brush houses called kish. Kish are small round or cone-shaped houses made of a wooden frame covered with reeds and brush. These are very simple houses and Cahuilla people really only used them to sleep in. When they were resting, socializing, or working on crafts, Cahuilla people sat outside– it was rarely cold or rainy in the climate where they lived. Here are some pictures of brush houses.
Kish [atho this has a horoscope vibe to it]
Numerology: Soul Urge Number: 9
People with this name have a deep inner desire to serve humanity and to give to others by sharing money, knowledge and experience, or creative and artistic ability.
Expression Number: 2 People with this name tend to be quiet, cooperative, considerate, sympathetic to others, adaptable, balanced and sometimes shy. They are trustworthy, respecting the confidences of others, and make excellent diplomats, mediators and partners. They are often very intuitive. They like detail and order, and often find change worrisome. They may sometimes feel insecure or restless. from here
Recognition is an important part of all Camp Fire programs. It helps children and adults build self-esteem and pride in their accomplishments. Official national recognition items are one of the features that make Camp Fire unique and special. For their participation, growth and achievements, youth receive distinctive items such as beads, emblems, pins and certificates. At the early levels, Camp Fire leaders help youth choose activities and guide them in earning the recognition items. As teens, members select their own activities and develop their own action plans for earning recognition items. For adults, recognition items signify outstanding achievement or the number of years they have been adult Camp Fire USA members. Adults in programming or board positions are also recognized on the local level for their important roles in Camp Fire.
Youth are able to earn beads, while completing projects on the “Camp Fire Trails,” as well as emblems. (In the past, once the participant earned ten of one type of bead, he or she was awarded a larger one of the same type to represent the ten smaller ones.) By 2006, there was one bead for each of the Camp Fire Trails.
Red – Sports, Games & Science – Trail to the Future (formerly Sports & Games)
Brown – Outdoors & Environment – Trail to Environment (formerly Outdoors)
Green – Creativity – Trail to Creativity (formerly Creative Arts)
Yellow – Business & Home – Trail to Family and Community (formerly Business)
Royal Blue – Citizenship (discontinued in 2003)
Red, White & Blue – (formerly Citizenship, discontinued in 2003 and replaced with Royal Blue)
Orange – (formerly Home Craft, discontinued in 2003)
Turquoise – (formerly Science, – Trail to Knowing Me)
Lime Green – (added in 2003) Discovery level
Purple – (small beads) Special Projects (formerly large purple beads were awarded with the completion of each Torch Bearer received)
Native American influence
Native American culture has long been a source of inspiration in Camp Fire’s traditional council activities. Native American culture has served as the inspiration for ceremonial activities and attire, camp and council names, respect for nature and the environment, and the use of symbols by many councils. For Camp Fire, Native American symbolism was a natural outgrowth of an appreciation for differences and cultural inclusiveness. The theory was that such symbolism enabled – and even encouraged – self-reflection and personal growth.
Each Camp Fire member between third and sixth grade is encouraged to choose a name that best reflects their personality and aspirations. At this time they are also encouraged to choose a symbol or “symbolgram”. Clubs are also encouraged to choose a Native American name.
The Camp Fire ceremonial gown is based on the pattern for the Native American women’s gowns. Due to its simple pattern that can be becoming to all girls, it is an inexpensive design that makes all girls equal, and it is easy to adjust as the owner grows older. Now a youth may choose any style of ceremonial attire, particularly if it honors the ethnic background to which the youth can trace his or her background or toward which he or she has an affinity. This attire can include tunics, kimonos, Scandinavian skirts/aprons, etc. The ceremonial attire is decorated with honor beads, earned emblems, and other personal items the youth chooses. Sometimes the youth’s symbolgram is used on the gown/tunic. The symbolgram is a symbol created by the youth to represent him/herself. By 1946 the ceremonial gown was optional.