Westminster Shorter Catechism ~ 4th Commandment

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Q57: Which is the Fourth Commandment?
A57: The Fourth Commandment is, “Remember the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maid- servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.”

Q58: What is required in the Fourth Commandment?
A58: The Fourth Commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as He appointed in His Word; expressly one whole day in seven to be a holy Sabbath to Himself.

Q59: Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly Sabbath?
A59: From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath.

Q60: How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
A60: The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days; and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God’s worship, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.

Q61: What is forbidden in the Fourth Commandment?
A61: The Fourth Commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance of the duties required, and the profaning the day by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our worldly employments or recreations.

Q62: What are the reasons annexed to the Fourth Commandment?
A62: The reasons annexed to the Fourth Commandment are, God’s allowing us six days of the week for our own employments, His challenging a special propriety in the seventh, His own example, and His blessing the Sabbath-day.

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Quest. 57. Which is the fourth commandment?
Ans. 57. The fourth commandment is, Remember the sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.(1)

(1) Exod. 20:8-11.

Quest. 58. What is required in the fourth commandment?
Ans. 58. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his word; expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy sabbath to himself.(1)

(1) Deut. 5:12-14.

Quest. 59. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly sabbath?
Ans. 59. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly sabbath; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian sabbath.(1)

(1) Gen. 2:2-3; I Cor. 16:1-2; Acts 20:7.

Quest. 60. How is the sabbath to be sanctified?
Ans. 60. The sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day,(1) even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days;(2) and spending the whole time in the publick and private exercises of God’s worship,(3) except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.(4)

(1) Exod. 20:8, 10; 16:25-28.
(2) Neh. 13:15-19, 21-22.
(3) Luke 4:16; Acts 20:7; Ps. 92 title; Isa. 66:23.
(4) Matt. 12:1-31.

Quest. 61. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
Ans. 61. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance of the duties required,(1) and the profaning the day by idleness,(2) or doing that which is in itself sinful,(3) or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our worldly employments or recreations.(4)

(1) Ezek. 22:26; Amos 8:5; Mal. 1:13.
(2) Acts 20:7, 9.
(3) Ezek. 23:38.
(4) Jer. 17:24-26; Isa. 58:13.

Quest. 62. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
Ans. 62. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God’s allowing us six days of the week for our own employments,(1) his challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blessing the sabbath-day.(2)

(1) Exod. 20:9.
(2) Exod. 20:11.

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About Kristina

52 year old Christian lady, knitter, bible collector, crafter, little business owner, thrill seeker (only when shopping at thrift stores for tremendous bargains) my animals servant, a child of God, saved, redeemed and trying to be joyful in a fallen world.

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