Civil Rights, What are They Anyway?

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This  is a long post. this post describes civil rights. All the blue and purple highlighted words are linked to the source for further learning.

LBGT people already have civil rights. The government and the laws for all the people. But you will notice how it began here in the states. People should be glad we all have civil rights and thank the people who paved the way for these rights.

Things that require a license are a privilege not a right. Read on:

civil rights definition

A broad range of privileges and rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and subsequent amendments and laws that guarantee fundamental freedoms to all individuals. These freedoms include the rights of free expression and action ( civil liberties)

civil liberties definition

In general, the rights to freedom of thought,expression, and action, and the protection of these rights from government interference or restriction. Civil liberties are the hallmark of liberal, democratic “free” societies. In the United States, the Bill of Rights guarantees a variety of civil liberties, most notably freedom of assemblyfreedom of the pressfreedom of religion, and freedom of speech, expressed in the First Amendment. ( See civil rights.) 

; the right to enter into contracts,

con·tract

  noun

1. an agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of something specified.
2. an agreement enforceable by law. 3. the written form of such an agreement.
4. the division of law dealing with contracts.
5. Also called contract bridge . a variety of bridge in which the side that wins the bid can earn toward game only that number of tricks named in the contract, additional points being credited above the line

6. (in auction or contract bridge)

a. a commitment by the declarer and his or her partner to take six tricks plus the number specified by the final bid made.
b. the final bid itself.
c. the number of tricks so specified, plus six.

7. the formal agreement of marriage;betrothal.

own property, and initiate lawsuits; the rights of due process

due process of law definition

The principle that an individual cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards.The Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution guarantee that any person accused of a crime must be informed of the charges, be provided with legal counsel, be given a speedy and public trial,enjoy equal protection of the laws, and not be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment, unreasonable searches and seizures, double jeopardy, or self-incrimination.

and equal protection of the laws;

equal protection of the laws definition

phrase in the Fourteenth Amendment  (An amendment to the United States Constitution, adopted in 1868. It was primarily concerned with details of reintegrating the southern states after the Civil War and defining some of the rights of recently freed slaves. The first section of the amendment, however, was to revolutionize federalism. It stated that no state could “deprive any person of life, liberty,or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Gradually, the Supreme Court interpreted the amendment to mean that the guarantees of the Bill of Rights apply to the states as well as to the national government.)

to the United States Constitution requiring that states guarantee the same rights, privileges, and protections to all citizens. This doctrine reinforces that of due process of law and prevents states from passing or enforcing laws that arbitrarily discriminate against anyone.

opportunities in education and work; the freedom to live, travel, and use public facilities wherever one chooses; and the right to participate in the democratic political system.

Note : Efforts to redress the situation of inequality, such as the civil rights movement 

The national effort made by black people and their supporters in the 1950s and 1960s to eliminate segregation and gain equal rights. The first large episode in the movement, a boycott of the city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, was touched off by the refusal of one black woman,Rosa Parks, to give up her seat on a bus to a white person. A number of sit-ins and similar demonstrations followed. A high point of the civil rights movement was a rally by hundreds of thousands in Washington, D.C., in 1963, at which a leader of the movement, Martin Luther King,Jr., gave his “ I have a dream” speech. The federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorized federal action against segregation in public accommodations, public facilities, and employment. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed after large demonstrations in Selma,Alabama, which drew some violent responses.The Fair Housing Act, prohibiting discrimination by race in housing, was passed in 1968.

After such legislative victories, the civil rights movement shifted emphasis toward education and changing the attitudes of white people.Some civil rights supporters turned toward militant movements ( see Black Power), and several riots erupted in the late 1960s over racial questions ( see Watts riots). The Bakke decision  of 1978 guardedly endorsed affirmative action.

and the women’s movement,

[A movement to secure legal, economic, and social equality for women, also called the feminist movement. It has its roots in the nineteenth-century women’s movement, which sought, among other things, to secure property rights and suffrage for women. The modern feminist movement, often said to have been galvanized by the publication of Betty Friedan‘s book The Feminine Mystique , began in the 1960s and advocates equal pay for equal work,improved day care arrangements, and preservation of abortion rights. ( See Equal Rights Amendmentfeminism, and  GloriaSteinem.)]

have resulted in legislation such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964,

[A federal law that authorized federal action against segregation in public accommodations,public facilities, and employment. The law was passed during a period of great strength for the civil rights movement, and President Lyndon Johnson persuaded many reluctant members of Congress to support the law.]

 in affirmative action,

[the encouragement of increased representation of women and minority-group members,especially in employment.]

and in the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

[An agency established by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to investigate racial and sexual discrimination. The National Organization for Women (NOW) was organized in the 1960s when the EEOC failed to act upon the Civil Rights Act’s sexual discrimination clause.]

From here: The Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, created in 1957 by the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1957, works to uphold the civil and constitutional rights of all Americans, particularly some of the most vulnerable members of our society. The Division enforces federal statutes prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, disability, religion, familial status and national origin.

~

Are you LBGT and would you like to file a complaint to the USDOJ? here

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