Daily Archives: June 21, 2008

Musings on ….. The Sign of Jonah

Matthew 16:1-4 – [Verse 1 in Original Greek]
1 The Pharisees and Sadducees came up, and testing Jesus, they asked Him to show them a sign from heaven. 2 But He replied to them, “When  it is evening, you say, ‘{It will be} fair weather, for the sky is red.’ 3 “And  in the morning, ‘{There will be} a storm today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ Do you know how to discern the appearance  of the sky, but cannot {discern} the signs of the times? 4 “An  evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign;  and a sign will not be given it, except the sign of Jonah.” And He left them and went away.

Luke 11:29-36 – [Verse 29 in Original Greek]

29 As the crowds were increasing, He began to say, “This generation is a wicked generation; it seeks  for a sign,  and {yet} no sign  will be given to it but the sign of Jonah. 30 “For just as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so will the Son of Man be to this generation.

Matthew 12:38-45 – [Verse 39 in Original Greek]
38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.” 39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and {yet} no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; 40 for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 “The  men of Nineveh will stand up with this generation at the judgment, and will condemn it because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, something  greater than Jonah is here.

Jonah1:17 – [In Context|Original Hebrew]

And the LORD appointed a great fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the stomach of the fish three days and three nights.

From Robertsons Word Pictures

But the sign of Jonah (ei mh to shmeion Iwna).
Luke does not give here the burial and resurrection of Jesus of which Jonah’s experience in the big fish was a type (Matthew 12:39), but that is really implied (Plummer argues) by the use here of “shall be given” (dothsetai) and “shall be” (estai), for the resurrection of Jesus is still future. The preaching of Jesus ought to have been sign enough as in the case of Jonah, but the resurrection will be given. Luke’s report is much briefer and omits what is in Matthew 12:41.

From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Matthew 16 Verse 4
A wickedand adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.

12:39,40; Mark 8:12,38; Acts 2:40
Jonah 1:17; Luke 11:29,30
And he
15:14; Genesis 6:3; Hosea 4:17; 9:12; Mark 5:17,18; Acts 18:6

From Matthew Henry Concise

Verses 38-45 Though Christ is always ready to hear and answer holy desires and prayers, yet those who ask amiss, ask and have not. Signs were granted to those who desired them to confirm their faith, as Abraham and Gideon; but denied to those who demanded them to excuse their unbelief. The resurrection of Christ from the dead by his own power, called here the sign of the prophet Jonah, was the great proof of Christ’s being the Messiah. As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale, and then came out again alive, thus Christ would be so long in the grave, and then rise again.

The Ninevites would shame the Jews for not repenting; the queen of Sheba, for not believing in Christ. And we have no such cares to hinder us, we come not to Christ upon such uncertainties. This parable represents the case of the Jewish church and nation. It is also applicable to all those who hear the word of God, and are in part reformed, but not truly converted. The unclean spirit leaves for a time, but when he returns, he finds Christ is not there to shut him out; the heart is swept by outward reformation, but garnished by preparation to comply with evil suggestions, and the man becomes a more decided enemy of the truth.

 Every heart is the residence of unclean spirits, except those which are temples of the Holy Ghost, by faith in Christ.

From 1599 Geneva Study Bible

12:39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and fadulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:

(f) Bastard, who fell from Abraham’s faith or forsook the true worship of God.                                                   

~From Coffman Commentary on Matthew 12 and Matthew 16

I do realize the gist of these verses was Jesus berating the ‘law keepers’ about wanting signs/miracles, but I received a phone call from someone asking what the sign of Jonah meant.

Frankly, I could not tell him and told him to call the pastor. Then when I read the cross references, I about roundhouse kicked myself in the face so being so stupid and not remembering that the reference was to Jesus being 3 days in the earth.

Musings by me