Ruler of Tyre; Human King or Satan?

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Is Ezekiel 28 talking about a human leader (king) of Tyre verse 2, 11 or Satan:

  1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 “Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says:

The hebrew word is #5057

Strong’s Number:  5057 dygn
Original Word Word Origin
dygn from (05046)
Transliterated Word Phonetic Spelling
Nagiyd naw-gheed’
Parts of Speech TWOT
Noun Masculine 1289b
 Definition
 

  1. leader, ruler, captain, prince
    1. ruler, prince
    2. prince-overseer
    3. ruler (in other capacities)
    4. princely things

 

       ” ‘In the pride of your heart
you say, “I am a god;
I sit on the throne of a god
in the heart of the seas.”
But you are a man and not a god,
though you think you are as wise as a god.

    3 Are you wiser than Daniel [a] ?
Is no secret hidden from you?

    4 By your wisdom and understanding
you have gained wealth for yourself
and amassed gold and silver
in your treasuries.

    5 By your great skill in trading
you have increased your wealth,
and because of your wealth
your heart has grown proud.

    6 ” ‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says:
” ‘Because you think you are wise,
as wise as a god,

    7 I am going to bring foreigners against you,
the most ruthless of nations;
they will draw their swords against your beauty and wisdom
and pierce your shining splendor.

    8 They will bring you down to the pit,
and you will die a violent death
in the heart of the seas.

    9 Will you then say, “I am a god,”
in the presence of those who kill you?
You will be but a man, not a god,
in the hands of those who slay you.

    10 You will die the death of the uncircumcised
at the hands of foreigners.
I have spoken, declares the Sovereign LORD.’ ”

    11 The word of the LORD came to me: 12 “Son of man, take up a lament concerning the king of Tyre and say to him: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says:
” ‘You were the model of perfection,
full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.

this king is #4427

Strong’s Number:  4428 jlm
Original Word Word Origin
jlm from (04427)
Transliterated Word Phonetic Spelling
Melek meh’-lek
Parts of Speech TWOT
Noun Masculine 1199a
 Definition
 

  1. king

 

13 You were in Eden,
the garden of God;
every precious stone adorned you:
ruby, topaz and emerald,
chrysolite, onyx and jasper,
sapphire, [b] turquoise and beryl. [c]
Your settings and mountings [d] were made of gold;
on the day you were created they were prepared.

    14 You were anointed as a guardian cherub,
for so I ordained you.
You were on the holy mount of God;
you walked among the fiery stones.

    15 You were blameless in your ways
from the day you were created
till wickedness was found in you.

    16 Through your widespread trade
you were filled with violence,
and you sinned.
So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God,
and I expelled you, O guardian cherub,
from among the fiery stones.

    17 Your heart became proud
on account of your beauty,
and you corrupted your wisdom
because of your splendor.
So I threw you to the earth;
I made a spectacle of you before kings.

The prim root of this word is:

 

Strong’s Number:  4427 jlm
Original Word Word Origin
jlm a primitive root
Transliterated Word Phonetic Spelling
Malak maw-lak’
Parts of Speech TWOT
Verb 1199,1200
 Definition
 

  1. to be or become king or queen, reign
    1. (Qal) to be or become king or queen, reign
    2. (Hiphil) to make one king or queen, cause to reign
    3. (Hophal) to be made king or queen
  2. to counsel, advise
    1. (Niphal) to consider

 

 

    18 By your many sins and dishonest trade
you have desecrated your sanctuaries.
So I made a fire come out from you,
and it consumed you,
and I reduced you to ashes on the ground
in the sight of all who were watching.

    19 All the nations who knew you
are appalled at you;
you have come to a horrible end
and will be no more.’ ”

Verse 14- you were the anointed (3559) cherub (3742) who covers

V13… you were created

V15…from the day you were created

V16…I have destroyed you O (covering) guardian cherub

What do you think?

The Home Engineer

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6 responses »

  1. King and Prince imply a chain of command. Each described differently that can be compared to other scripture to reveal true identity. Gods word ought to be taken literally.

    king: Satan; impossible for king Ethbaal to be in Eden at it’s creation

    prince: Anti-Christ having the full authority of the king, thinking himself god by sitting in the seat of God. . Before Christ there was no seat in the temple because the priests job was never done. Only Christ can sit He is the one who said ‘it is finished’. Anyone else thinks he can sit in that seat would think himself god.

    Also it could indicate the location from where the Anti-Christ will emerge and I believe very soon too. Especially when you compare Ezekiels Gog of Magog. Magog today it is parts of Turkey, Syria and lower provinces of the former Soviet Union.

    Daniel says the king of the north will emerge from one of the four divisions of Alexanders Greek Empire the northern kingdom was the Seluecid which is comparable to Magog border wise and also includes Tyre. Granted it is a only a shot in the dark but I think warrants further consideration

    fight the good fight, stay the course, and keep the faith!

  2. The Scripture here is referring to TWO separate individuals. The first, even though he is the actual king of Tyre is referred to as a “prince” by Jehovah. This is a slam against the human king of Tyre, by being downgraded to a prince.

    By the way, this has nothing to do with the Antichrist here.) There will STILL be no seat in the 3rd Temple (during the Tribulation), but that doesn’t stop Antichrist from sitting down in the Holy of Holies, and setting up an image of himself there, which is what will become known as the Abomination that Desolates.

    Beyond this, the Antichrist will not be revealed until after the collapse of the East-West economy and the creation of the one world government. The one world government is redestricted into ten parts (ten horns). Antichrist is the 11th beast, who kills three of the ten and then becomes the 8th beast. The remaining 7 give up their regions or districts to Antichrist. This all takes place at the beginning of the Trib and by then the church has been raptured.

    The “prince” (or king) of Tyre was coming under God’s judgment due to the fact that he had amassed such wealth and power that he began to think of himself as a god. This is exactly what Nebuchadnezzar did.

    The second individual in the Ezekiel passage, beginning with verse 11, is referring to Satan, who was the actual power BEHIND the literal king of Tyre. Here, Jehovah refers to Satan as the real king of Tyre. Beginning here in verse 11 and following, we read the account of how beautiful Satan was and how he walked in the Garden of Eden. He was perfect until sin was found in him. Certainly, the physical king of Tyre was never perfect.

    Frankly, I love the way Scripture does this, often revealing two or more concepts within the space of only a few verses.

  3. Any conclusion that these passages speak of the Devil, Satan or any personification of evil are only justified by taking extreme liberties at assumption, conjecture and speculation. Commonly only the passages actually supporting the belief are noted with little if any regard for context or cultural basis.

    Firstly the entire chapters of both 26 and 27 are clearly directed toward the city of Tyrus.

    Ezekiel 26:3 KJV – Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Tyrus, and will cause many nations to come up against thee, as the sea causeth his waves to come up.

    Ezekiel 27:3 KJV – And say unto Tyrus, O thou that art situate at the entry of the sea, [which art] a merchant of the people for many isles, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O Tyrus, thou hast said, I [am] of perfect beauty.

    Subqequently Chapter 28 is clearly toward two predominant EARTHLY and HUMAN leaders.

    Ezekiel 28:2 KJV – Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus:

    Ezekiel 28:12 KJV – Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus:

    Let us first examine the word of the Lord to the Prince of Tyrus:

    Ezekiel 28:4 KJV – With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:

    Ezekiel 28:5 KJV – By thy great wisdom [and] by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:

    Now examine the lamentation to the King of Tyrus

    Ezekiel 28:16 KJV – By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

    Ezekiel 28:18 KJV – Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.

    One foundational argument is that this declaration is two-fold in its meaning.
    The former is to be directed toward the human ruler or Prince who bears rule and sits upon the throne of Tyrus: while the latter “lamentation” is directed to the spiritual power that actually directs the human leaders actions.

    However by historical record a “King” was the ruling prefect of a dominion. The role of “Prince” held by a Son of that prefect served in a subordinate position of authority and often as the executer of the Father’s decree. A common role of a ruling Prince was in the oversight of all military affairs. The term actually used in this passage translates to a “Captain” or “Leader.” The chapter addresses both the superior as well as the subordinate ruler.

    The conclusion that any part of this chapter is remotely attributed to Satan is a matter of second guessing and simultaneously ignoring context, and well known cultural record.

    This perspective is firmly predicated upon several passages of scripture that are defined as being exclusive only to the fallen entity called Satan. These passages are most often used in support of the any belief in a literal Satan along with Revelations.

    To have a solid understanding two issues must be examined.

    A. The Intention Of The Prince Of Tyrus.
    B. The Nature Of The King Of Tyrus

    A. The Intention Of The Prince Of Tyrus

    Ezekiel 28:2 KJV – Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart [is] lifted up, and thou hast said, I [am] a God, I sit [in] the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou [art] a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God:

    Ezekiel 28:6 KJV – Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God;

    A cornerstone of this belief is the almost inhuman desire for power and godlike status demonstrated by the Prince of Tyrus. From the fundamentalist view it corresponds to the misconceptions of accepted doctrine ascribed to Satan.

    Known historical record as well as scripture supports the fact that human kings often exalted themselves far beyond measure and were even deified by their subjects.
    Egypt as an example held that the lineage of Pharaohs were in fact directly descended from God and were recognized as divinty incarnate in human form. This mindest and practice was almost universal exhibited in China through the mythology that Emperors were divine seed of dragon gods.
    The terms translated as God in this passage are commonly used in relation to any deity as well as generically meaning any “Mighty one”.It subsequently could denote any magistrate or judge. This same term is ascribed to Nebuchadnezzer in the book of Daniel.

    B. The Nature Of The King Of Tyrus

    Ezekiel 28:12 KJV – Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.

    Ezekiel 28:15 KJV – Thou [wast] perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.

    Ezekiel 28:17 KJV – Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.

    The common argument is no man could be recognized as being perfect and therefore this verse can only be attributed to Satan and his pressumed glorious nature before the fall from grace. Advocates of this belief also utilize the following New Testament verse to substantiate this claim:

    2 Corinthians 11:14 KJV – And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

    Minimal review within Gospel accounts reveal that Christ himself taught contrary:

    John 8:44 KJV – Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

    Another foundational verse which this misconception is built upon is:

    Ezekiel 28:13 KJV – Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.

    Traditionalists argue conclusively that this verse can only be used in the context of the Genesis account. Who else but Satan could the reference address?

    For a proper understanding we will examine the entire passage separating the text and scrutinizing line by line.

    Ezekiel 28:13 KJV – Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God;

    The term Eden simply means Pleasure, or delight and is rendered in other verses as as finery, luxury . The word translated Garden in this passage is “Enclosed Garden” the root word is to “Cover or Protect”. Interestingly it is also metaphorically used to speak of a “chaste woman” or “virgin” as demonstrated in the following verse:

    Song of Songs 4:12 KJV – A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.

    The terms Eden and the phrase “Garden of God” are not exclusive to these passages. They are used elsewhere in scripture particularly in the context of earthly government. Metaphorically they relate to one being hedged in and speaks of being protected by divine providence.

    Ezekiel 31:18 KJV – To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that be] slain by the sword. This [is] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

    Ezekiel 28:13 KJV- Every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold:

    Not unlike any ruler who had prospered in great wealth this man is garnished with precious and costly array. He is adorned with precious gemstones and gold jewelry.

    Ezekiel 28:13 KJV-The workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.

    The latter part of this verse has been used to justify several erroneous beliefs associated with Satan specific to his influence in music, praise, worship and artistic expression of every type.
    While It should be noted that the terms “tabrets” and “pipes’ are commonly recognized as specifically meaning musical instruments these terms defined in the context of these passages are as follows:

    1. Groove, socket, hole, cavity, settings.
    2. A technical term relating to jeweller’s works defined as “ A bezel or socket for setting a gem”

    Ezekiel 28:14 KJV – Thou [art] the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee [so]: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.

    Ezekiel 28:14 KJV – Thou [art] the anointed cherub that covereth;

    The term “covering” or “Covereth” is rendered as to “Hedge…defend to fence”
    Throughout scripture metaphorically many Kings or rulers are spoken of as great trees covering or shadowing the nations with their branches.

    This is recorded in Daniel’s interpretation of the King of Babylon’s dreams:

    Daniel 4:20 KJV – The tree that thou sawest, which grew, and was strong, whose height reached unto the heaven, and the sight thereof to all the earth;

    Daniel 4:21 KJV – Whose leaves [were] fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it [was] meat for all; under which the beasts of the field dwelt, and upon whose branches the fowls of the heaven had their habitation:

    Daniel 4:22 KJV – It [is] thou, O king, that art grown and become strong: for thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion to the end of the earth.

    Also regarding Pharaoh and the Egyptian nations:

    Ezekiel 31:2 KJV – Son of man, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude; Whom art thou like in thy greatness?
    Ezekiel 31:3 KJV – Behold, the Assyrian [was] a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.
    Ezekiel 31:6 KJV – All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.
    Ezekiel 31:8 KJV – The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.
    Ezekiel 31:9 KJV – I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that [were] in the garden of God, envied him.
    Ezekiel 31:18 KJV – To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that be] slain by the sword. This [is] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

    Ezekiel 28:14 KJV – Thou wast upon the holy mountain of God;

    The point is to define what exactly is the Holy Mountain. Is it indeed Heaven? With a cursory analysis of scripture we can easily define the phraseology used in these passages

    Isaiah 66:20 And they shall bring all your brethren [for] an offering unto the LORD out of all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to my HOLY MOUNTAIN JERUSALEM, saith the LORD.

    Ezekiel 20:40 For in MINE HOLY MOUNTAIN in the mountain of the height of Israel,(Jerusalem) saith the Lord GOD,

    Dan 9:16 O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city JERUSALEM THY HOLY MOUNTAIN.

    Joel 2:1 Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in MY HOLY MOUNTAIN.

    Joel 3:17 So shall ye know that I [am] the LORD your God dwelling in ZION MY HOLY MOUNTAIN: then shall Jerusalem be holy,

    Every verse noted always attributes the term HOLY MOUNTAIN specifically to Jerusalem or properly to Zion the heart of Isreal and never indicates Heaven or the spiritual realms.

    Ezekiel 28:14 KJV – Thou walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.

    In the context of the entire passage this phrase would also strengthen the emphasis on the extreme wealth and riches which have come into the King’s hand. Interestingly the term “Stones Of Fire” has been often used by ancient cultures to describe the properties of polished gemstones.

    THE JUDGEMENT

    As directed to the Prince of Tyrus:

    “yet thou [art] a man”

    Not a spiritual being.

    “thou shalt die the deaths of [them that are] slain in the midst of the seas.”

    A physical death by drowning.

    Thou shalt die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken [it], saith the Lord GOD.

    Again a physical death by the hand of men?? No mention of eternal judgment of torments???

    As directed to the King of Tyrus

    Ezekiel 28:18 therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.

    The term ashes translates directly to a period of mourning observed in repentence “sackclothe and ASHES” and this word is used repeatably in the old testament.

    Consequently the same exhaustive process applied to Isaiah: quickly deconstructs any fundamentalist argument on that basis.

    Isa 14:4 That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

    Cheers DR. RW Stoufus

    ~~Thank you Dr. for that detailed analysis! Blessings to You~

  4. To note: The term
    Cherub comes from an obscure root word.
    In ancient Jewish theology the iamge of the Cherubim were always equated with wisdom and divine knowledge.

    However its common scriptural usage was regarding specifically the ornate craftmanship in the tabernacle of Moses.

    Exd 25:19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: [even] of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

    The best known usage is in Genesis

    Gen 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

    In full analysis of the entire context of Ezekiel Chapter 28 it is not possible to build any argument on this inconsistency.

    DR. RW Stoufus

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