A Heart, Mind and Soul Change

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I know someone who has sinned.

They are sorry and repentant.

They have spoken to their church pastor about this sin and have expressed sorrow.

[My hunch; they are sorry they got caught and are afraid of losing their family.]

I could be wrong, I want to be wrong, and I pray to God I’m wrong.

They have committed this same sin a couple of times before. I’m not sure if they stated, publicly or privately, they were sorry on those former occasions.

Whenever I see this person, my thoughts go to their demeanor; this person is mean-spirited and nasty to the people around them. The people who love this person the most.

I realize now that is guilt coming forth from this person.

My thought on the being repentant; it is the act of sorrow and shame and turning away from that sorrowful act.

Can a person be repentant if they continue to sin, the same sin, over and over?

Have they ‘turned’ away from the sorrowful act they committed?

I’m not trying to judge, I’m trying to figure out this person, their motives for the repentance now and if this person really knows what the word repentance is?

Do any of us?

From Dictionary.com

re·pent

–verb (used without object)

1. to feel sorry, self-reproachful, or contrite for past conduct; regret or be conscience-stricken about a past action, attitude, etc. (often fol. by of): He repented after his thoughtless act.
2. to feel such sorrow for sin or fault as to be disposed to change one’s life for the better; be penitent.

–verb (used with object)

3. to remember or regard with self-reproach or contrition: to repent one’s injustice to another.
4. to feel sorry for; regret: to repent an imprudent act.

re·pent·ant
  

–adjective

1. repenting; penitent; experiencing repentance.
2. characterized by or showing repentance: a repentant mood.

re·pent·ance
 

–noun

1. deep sorrow, compunction, or contrition for a past sin, wrongdoing, or the like.
2. regret for any past action.

[Origin: 1300–50; ME repentaunce < OF repentance. See repent1, -ance]

—Synonyms 1. contriteness, penitence, remorse. 2. sorrow, qualms.

—Antonyms 1. impenitence.

Easton’s 1897 Bible DictionaryCite This Source
Repentance

There are three Greek words used in the New Testament to denote repentance. (1.) The verb _metamelomai_ is used of a change of mind, such as to produce regret or even remorse on account of sin, but not necessarily a change of heart. This word is used with reference to the repentance of Judas (Matt. 27:3).(2.) Metanoeo, meaning to change one’s mind and purpose, as the result of after knowledge.

 

This verb, with (3) the cognate noun _metanoia_, is used of true repentance, a change of mind and purpose and life, to which remission of sin is promised. Evangelical repentance consists of (1) a true sense of one’s own guilt and sinfulness; (2) an apprehension of God’s mercy in Christ; (3) an actual hatred of sin (Ps. 119:128; Job 42:5, 6; 2 Cor. 7:10) and turning from it to God; and (4) a persistent endeavour after a holy life in a walking with God in the way of his commandments. The true penitent is conscious of guilt (Ps. 51:4, 9), of pollution (51:5, 7, 10), and of helplessness (51:11; 109:21, 22). Thus he apprehends himself to be just what God has always seen him to be and declares him to be.

But repentance comprehends not only such a sense of sin, but also an apprehension of mercy, without which there can be no true repentance (Ps. 51:1; 130:4).

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Greek;

 

Original Word Word Origin
  metameÑlomai   from (3326) and the middle voice of (3199)
  Metamellomai   met-am-el’-lom-ahee
 
  Verb   4:626,589
 
  1. it is a care to one afterwards

    1. it repents one, to repent one’s self
  KJV (6) – repent, 5; repent (one’s) self, 1;
NAS (6) – change his mind, 1; feel remorse, 1; felt remorse, 1; regret, 2; regretted, 1;
 
Matthew 3
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
 
Matthew 3
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Strong’s Number:  3340

metanoeÑw

Original Word Word Origin
  metanoeÑw   from (3326) and (3539)
  Metanoeo   met-an-o-eh’-o
 
  Verb   4:975,636
 
  1. to change one’s mind, i.e. to repent
  2. to change one’s mind for better, heartily to amend with abhorrence of one’s past sins

Hebrew;

Strong’s Number:  5162

exn

Original Word Word Origin
  exn   a primitive root
  Nacham   naw-kham’
 
  Verb   1344
 
  1. to be sorry, console oneself, repent, regret, comfort, be comforted

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be sorry, be moved to pity, have compassion
      2. to be sorry, rue, suffer grief, repent
      3. to comfort oneself, be comforted
      4. to comfort oneself, ease oneself
    2. (Piel) to comfort, console
    3. (Pual) to be comforted, be consoled
    4. (Hithpael)

      1. to be sorry, have compassion
      2. to rue, repent of
      3. to comfort oneself, be comforted
      4. to ease oneself
Strong’s Number:  7725

bw#

Original Word Word Origin
  bw#   a primitive root
  Shuwb   shoob
 
  Verb   2340
 
  1. to return, turn back

    1. (Qal)

      1. to turn back, return 1a
    2. to turn back 1a
    3. to return, come or go back 1a
    4. to return unto, go back, come back 1a
    5. of dying 1a
    6. of human relations (fig) 1a
    7. of spiritual relations (fig) 1a

      1. to turn back (from God), apostatise 1a
      2. to turn away (of God) 1a
      3. to turn back (to God), repent 1a
      4. turn back (from evil) 1a
    8. of inanimate things 1a
    9. in repetition
    10. (Polel)

      1. to bring back
      2. to restore, refresh, repair (fig)
      3. to lead away (enticingly)
      4. to show turning, apostatise
    11. (Pual) restored (participle)
    12. (Hiphil) to cause to return, bring back

      1. to bring back, allow to return, put back, draw back, give back, restore, relinquish, give in payment
      2. to bring back, refresh, restore
      3. to bring back, report to, answer
      4. to bring back, make requital, pay (as recompense)
      5. to turn back or backward, repel, defeat, repulse, hinder, reject, refuse
      6. to turn away (face), turn toward
      7. to turn against
      8. to bring back to mind
      9. to show a turning away 1d
  2. to reverse, revoke

    1. (Hophal) to be returned, be restored, be brought back
    2. (Pulal) brought back

There should be fruit to bear witness to repentance

Matthew 3:8

“Therefore bear fruit in keeping with repentance;

Acts 26:20

but {kept} declaring both to those of Damascus first, and {also} at Jerusalem and {then} throughout all the region of Judea, and {even} to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds appropriate to repentance.

There is joy in heaven over one sinner brought to repentance

Luke 15:7

“I tell you that in the same way, there will be {more} joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance.
Luke 15:10

“In the same way, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repents.”

From here

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III. The Psychological Elements. (I thought these to be very interesting)

1. The Intellectual Element:

Repentance is that change of a sinner’s mind which leads him to turn from his evil ways and live. The change wrought in repentance is so deep and radical as to affect the whole spiritual nature and to involve the entire personality. The intellect must function, the emotions must be aroused, and the will must act. Psychology shows repentance to be profound, personal and all-pervasive. The intellectual element is manifest from the nature of man as an intelligent being, and from the demands of God who desires only rational service. Man must apprehend sin as unutterably heinous, the divine law as perfect and inexorable, and himself as coming short or falling below the requirements of a holy God (Job 42:5,6; Psalms 51:3; Romans 3:20).

2. The Emotional Element:

There may be a knowledge of sin without turning from it as an awful thing which dishonors God and ruins man. The change of view may lead only to a dread of punishment and not to the hatred and abandonment of sin (Exodus 9:27; Numbers 22:34; Joshua 7:20; 1 Samuel 15:24; Matthew 27:4). An emotional element is necessarily involved in repentance. While feeling is not the equivalent of repentance, it nevertheless may be a powerful impulse to a genuine turning from sin. A penitent cannot from the nature of the case be stolid and indifferent. The emotional attitude must be altered if New Testament repentance be experienced. There is a type of grief that issues in repentance and another which plunges into remorse. There is a godly sorrow and also a sorrow of the world. The former brings life; the latter, death (Matthew 27:3; Luke 18:23; 2 Corinthians 7:9,10). There must be a consciousness of sin in its effect on man and in its relation to God before there can be a hearty turning away from unrighteousness. The feeling naturally accompanying repentance implies a conviction of personal sin and sinfulness and an earnest appeal to God to forgive according to His mercy (Psalms 51:1,2,10-14).

3. The Volitional Element:

The most prominent element in the psychology of repentance is the voluntary, or volitional. This aspect of the penitent’s experience is expressed in the Old Testament by “turn”, or “return,” and in the New Testament by “repent” or “turn.” The words employed in the Hebrew and Greek place chief emphasis on the will, the change of mind, or of purpose, because a complete and sincere turning to God involves both the apprehension of the nature of sin and the consciousness of personal guilt (Jeremiah 25:5; Mark 1:15; Acts 2:38; 2 Corinthians 7:9,10). The demand for repentance implies free will and individual responsibility. That men are called upon to repent there can be no doubt, and that God is represented as taking the initiative in repentance is equally clear. The solution of the problem belongs to the spiritual sphere. The psychical phenomena have their origin in the mysterious relations of the human and the divine personalities. There can be no external substitute for the internal change. Sackcloth for the body and remorse for the soul are not to be confused with a determined abandonment of sin and return to God. Not material sacrifice, but a spiritual change, is the inexorable demand of God in both dispensations (Psalms 51:17; Isaiah 1:11; Jeremiah 6:20; Hosea 6:6).

Repentance is only a condition of salvation and not its meritorious ground. The motives for repentance are chiefly found in the goodness of God, in divine love, in the pleading desire to have sinners saved, in the inevitable consequences of sin, in the universal demands of the gospel, and in the hope of spiritual life and membership in the kingdom of heaven (Ezekiel 33:11; Mark 1:15; Luke 13:1-5; John 3:16; Acts 17:30; Romans 2:4; 1 Timothy 2:4). The first four beatitudes (Matthew 5:3-6) form a heavenly ladder by which penitent souls pass from the dominion of Satan into the Kingdom of God. A consciousness of spiritual poverty dethroning pride, a sense of personal unworthiness producing grief, a willingness to surrender to God in genuine humility, and a strong spiritual desire developing into hunger and thirst, enter into the experience of one who wholly abandons sin and heartily turns to Him who grants repentance unto life.

From here

Ok, again I have made this too long, but this is good stuff.

My conclusion is that repentance is a turning away from sin and turning to God.

A heart, mind and soul change.

I don’t think this person will read this, but if they do I pray it gets through to them, it makes a difference, changes a heart, heals open wounds.

Blessings, Kristina



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